The Organic Food & Beverage sector covers organic products only, including the following sub-sectors:
- Organic baby food
- Organic cereals/ cereal products
- Organic dairy
- Organic bakery products
- Organic spreads
- Organic confectionary
- Organic sauces, dressings and condiments
- Organic oil and fats
- Organic ingredients
- Organic beer, wine & spirits
- Organic juice
- Organic tea, coffee & cocoa
- Organic fruits & vegetables
- Organic meat/ meat products
- Organic seafood/ seafood products (South East Asia only)
Processed organic food and beverages products only, excluding organic seafood/seafood products
"Food manufactured, processed and packaged by adding food or food additives to food raw materials (agricultural, forestry, livestock or marine products), transforming food raw materials (such as grinding or cutting) till their original forms cannot be recognised, or mixing such transformed ones or adding food or food additives to such mixture.
However, where, without the use of food additives or other materials, the agricultural, forestry, livestock or marine products are simply cut, peeled, salted, ripened or heated (except the cases where heating is performed for sterilisation or heating causes significant changes to those products) till their original forms can be recognized or where sanitary risks from treatment processes are not expected and food raw materials are simply treated so as to allow organoleptic identification of food quality, such food products are excluded from the definition of processed food."
The food and beverage industry maintains the characteristics of a stable, resilient and robust sector. The industry is the main single sector in the EU manufacturing industry considering its share of turnover and of value added.
The European Union holds the biggest share in global food and beverage exports. Following the EU, the world’s largest exporters are the United States, China and Brazil. In 2014, the industry registered a record extra EU trade surplus of € 27.6 billion. The industry’s exports are on a growing trend and doubled over the past decade. More than one quarter of European food and drink exports are sold to non-EU countries and at a growing rate. Top 3 best performing exports, i.e. which grew more from the 2013 levels, are: dairy products (+10%), chocolate and confectionery (+9%), and grain mill and starch products (+9%).
This sub-sector includes product categories such as cereals, oilseeds oils and fats, fruit and vegetables, milk and dairy products, pig meat, and beef and veal. Concerning meat, pig meat dominates production with almost a 50% share. The EU is the world’s biggest exporter of pigmeat and pigmeat products.
Wine, Spirits and Beer
The European Union’s wine sector is composed by an overwhelming majority of small producers. The EU remains the most important wine exporter worldwide and, after 3 years of relative stability, attained its best ever performance in 2015: 21.9 million hectolitres (+3%), i.e. an economic performance of € 9.8 billion (+8.9%).
Europe's spirit beverages industry is the largest in the world. In 2011 the European spirit beverages producers together produced 37.5 million hectolitres of spirit drinks valued at over €2 3 billion, approximately two-thirds of which is exported (both intra-EU and extra-EU). In 2014, the EU exported € 9.6 billion of spirit beverages to more than 150 markets.
The EU is the second largest beer producer in the world, after China. EU countries sold over 27 million hectolitres of beer outside the EU in 2014 (around 7% of total production). Some countries’ exports (intra and extra-EU) represent more than half of their total production (notably Belgium, the Netherlands and Denmark).
Organic Food and Beverages Products
The total organic area in the EU-28 (i.e. the area fully converted to organic production and area under conversion) was 10.3 million hectares in 2014 and continues to show an upward trend.
The organic food and beverage market in Europe is valued almost €25 billion and is expected to grow at an annual rate of 6.8% during the 2016-2020 period. The production of organic crops and the rearing of organic animals are the main activities in the organic sector at farm level, but the processing of goods is also important.